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Fugitivo XII Blog

March 01, 2012

Horses Behaving Badly

This is why the horse makes a mistake...

In many situations, when the horse commits an error or makes a mistake, we tend to find a cause or a blame of some sort. We need to think that horses like people some times have a good day and some other times they have bad days. We as riders need to look for signs that the horses give us, so that we can be able to tell when the bad days are. If and when the horse has a bad day, we add something to make the situation worse, we can not and should not blame the horse for what he did wrong.

Let's see, the horse only makes a mistake when we ourselves make a mistake in our judgement or when we become absorbed in our work and tend to want to be over confident. This is something no honest rider can afford, for overconfidence is a big enemy of true progress. Plus, when we add personal ego to over confidence the results can be detrimental and even harmful, for ourselves and for our horses in one way or another. 

The horse is asked to do certain movements under the rider, that at some times he has not been properly trained for, and therefore is not capable of efficiently performing in a consistent matter. The rider should not blame the horse if the horse acts up but rather think. What caused the horse to misbehave or to commit an error on this occasion? If we cannot honestly answer ourselves then we will  not be fair in blaming the horse. 

The only reason the horse makes a mistake is because we as riders made a mistake first, because the horse is always ready to listen and obey, if, we ask correctly, in the right moment, with the right aids, and assuming the horse is physically and mentally mature for what we ask. If any of the latter are not present when we ask the horse to do a certain task, then we run the risk of having the horse misbehave, making a mistake or ignoring our aids all together. 

February 03, 2012

Calm down.....Trust the Process

15min. Calm Lesson does more than 1hr stressed

by Antonio Topete Diaz

There is a rule of thumb that we should try to follow. That is that, our horses should return to the stable as fresh as when they left. This of course does not mean that if the horse is hot when we take him out that he should be hot and jumping around, bucking or rearing. What this means is that, we try most of the time if not all the time to make sure we don't over work the horse. 

I see many riders/trainers lunge their horses for an hour or thirty minutes before getting on the horse. Whether it's in a round pen or on the lunge line, the horse uses up a lot of energy doing this, if we then add forty five minutes of a training session, patterns, or school figures we risk over working the horse. 

I like to teach all my young horses to stand quiet until asked to move away. This is important because, no one likes a nervous horse fidgeting about. If I am breaking in or rather backing a young horse, I will  spend a considerable amount of time on  lunging lessons. But, not just running around and around in circles, NO. I will spend a great deal of time teaching the horse to balance itself without the weight of the rider, then with the weight of the saddle, and finally I will ad a bit and side reins with time. I try to never spend long time with a horse, because I don't want to get it annoyed or frustrated, I want him to enjoy his work. So, some of the time that I spend on the lunge line with the young or green horse will be to teach him to stand quiet and ignore  his surroundings. Some of the early lessons will be to do nothing but to stand quiet for the whole lesson. Boring? Perhaps a little. Necessary? You Bet! Once the horse has been backed I will only lunge occasionally and this will be done, on straight lines, large circles, spirals and to teach the lengthening and shortening of the strides and other transitions.

When the horse is at a certain level of his training, I will not lunge him but rather get him out of the field (most of my training horses, geldings and mares, live at pasture 90% of the time) or out of the stall or turnout ring, in the case of stallions, saddle them up and ride them out on a loose rein. That's my warm up. A nice loose relaxing walk, in the open or in the arena if for some reason I can't ride in the open. In this way the horse has already learned to stand quiet in the early lessons and to stay calm. 
So now I don't need to worry about the horse spooking, shying, running away, bucking, etc. I have spent the time necessary in the basics for this. 

Some times a lesson will go for 15min including my warm up at the walk. That is all! 15min! Especially during hot, summer days. I can drill a horse over and over  for an hour, but the horse will learn to hate his work and the more he hates it, more he acts up, and the more he acts up the more the rider feels he needs to get him to sweat it out, and the more the rider gets him to sweat it out the more the horse get his stamina going, until one day the rider will call me and ask me for help. Yes? Yes. It happens more than you would think, sadly it really does. An average lesson is about 45minutes to 1hour and 15minutes if worked correctly. As long as the horse is stressed, there will be no learning on the part of the horse, only frustration on the part of both parties. 

We need to push the horse right to the line, but not cross it. Kind of like teasing a bear behind the bars at the zoo. We don't want to bear to get out of the cage, we just want it to get used to us being there so we can continue to have fun teasing it. We want to push that horse slowly forward, until he has gotten used to being worked longer and has acquired the right state of mind. 

This is why it is better to workout 15minutes and not break a sweat, but do it with correct form and with the right meal plan, than to workout for two hours a day and stuff your face with carbs, saturated fat, sugar, and the stuff that makes you put on the weight. No matter how much we work our horses if we don't do it with the right goal and the right plan to accomplish the goal, we won't be able to make it. All of the old masters say, "ride your horse, forward, calm, and make it straight" the key word in this case is "calm". If the horse is not calm, it is up to the rider or the trainer to make him calm, even if it means taking the horse out and letting him just stand there for ten minutes and then put him away. This alone can and should be a lesson at times. When we talk about bringing the horse back to the stable as fresh as when he left, it is not meant that we do nothing at all with him, unless of course we are doing the previous lesson, but this however must be done at the right time, that is why  the rider or trainer must learn to discern when or at what moment, how, and why. Always why. 

Yes there will be times when, we must work the horse for a little longer than normal, and yes there will be times when we will not be able to bring the horse back to the stable as fresh as when he left, because some times it will be impossible to follow the rule. This is when we must think, and act accordingly. 


February 01, 2012

WHOA CAMEL! Do you have stopping power?

Whoa Camel!

by Antonio Topete Diaz
Many riders strongly believe, and with reason, that the horse must be ridden forward. As a matter of fact, this is often times the main focus in their training regime. Yes, the horse must be ridden forward and yes he must have the desire to move off the leg. After all there can never be collection without power, because collection is the accumulative increase of power under control.

A lot of riders however, are paying so much attention on the development of the power, of the engine, that they forget or neglect all together to make sure that engine can also be stopped when required. For what good is a sports car, that is beautiful, powerful, and with great handling around curved roads, if there are no brakes? From the very beginning, the horse learns that he is being over powered, not by physical force but by mental games that the rider plays on him. That is why it is so important that the thinking rider be aware of the tools he has at his disposition, and that he knows how and at what moment those tools are to be used. We always hear riders speak of the half-halts. But, what are these half-halts? Nothing really, just what the name implies, a halt, or halting the horse half way. The half halt is done to prepare the horse for a change of rhythm, change of gait, change of stride, etc. In short the half-halt is done for the preparation of the horse, so that he knows what is coming next, to be better prepared. And where does these half-halts come from? You guessed it, from the whoa itself.

I believe that all horses, must learn to whoa solidly and calmly before they learn anything else. As a matter of fact, I always teach my horses to stand still and quiet, and to stop on command before I ever get on them for the first time. It is not un common to hear me say “Whoa Camel” often when I am working with horses at the farm. Yes, “whoa camel” I always say all horses are camels until they prove otherwise. I say this in a joking way, but with reason. Since all horses loose their natural balance from the moment we tack them up and teach them to move on command in different directions, and especially when they are not yet accustomed to the weight of the rider, horses tend to be for the most part heavy and clumsy, much like a camel appears to be.

On the other hand, I also see many times, and especially in America, the many riders that focus so much in the stopping force, that they neglect the carrying power of the hind quarters. An evil, equally as bad or maybe even worst, than not having brakes on the sports car. For what good is a great sports car, with good brakes if there is no engine, or if the transmission is busted?

We must find a common ground when teaching the whoa. And the way we do this, is keeping in mind that the horse will not understand over night. We must take baby steps from the very beginning, to ensure that each step forward is a step on solid ground.

The whoa takes very little effort, but only if the rider or trainer takes his time to do right. And to do it right we must know, how and at what moment we must begin teaching the whoa, also we must know what a good whoa is. Many think that a good whoa is obvious, and it is, since the horse will stop on command. Are there any technical things to look at though? That is the question we must ask ourselves. For a back yard rider, or for someone who does not care about being technically correct, but only wants to ride on the trails, this is also important since the horse will be more enjoyable the better trained he is. For the professional rider and trainer it is even more important.

Now, for the horse to be technically correct when he halts, must come to a complete stop with collection and square. With collection and square because, only in this way we can ask him from a halt to rein back, canter, trot, walk, side pass etc. We collect thru the half-halts and we stop the horse by the use of our seat and legs, asking for more impulsion and keeping a steady hand without pulling on the reins. In other words we prepare the horse, we ask for more impulsion forward, and we close the door so he can no longer get away, and the only thing for the horse to do is to stop, collected and square on all four legs.

Since I mentioned earlier that the half-halt comes from the complete halt, or from teaching the horse to whoa, you are probably thinking that I am contradicting my self. It’s like saying or asking, what came first? The chicken or the egg? Yes and no. To do a technically correct full halt, collected and square is to actually do an advanced movement. The horse when he does this, he is not putting his nose on the ground and sliding for a long time. A practice and common fault we often see in western reining. I say this because, if the horse throws his hind legs too far forward, past his center of gravity, he will have no other option but to put his weight on the forehand, and yes it looks very spectacular but is technically incorrect in classical terms. When a horse comes to a complete halt from a fast run, there will be some sliding, but it must be more of a skid than a slide. Because we want the horse to move off as soon as possible from the halt if we need him to, in the other case the horse must regain his balance before he moves off.

Now, the square halt comes from the half-halts which come from the whoa. The whoa is one thing, and the full halt is a completely different thing. From the same family but different. The whoa is done, to teach the horse to stand still, to be patient, to ignore his surroundings and focus on his trainer. The whoa is done to teach and train the horse, and for the purpose of teaching the invisible aids that will come later, with the half-halt. The whoa is given with voice command when needed, and is used as a temporary tool, that will later on be dispensed with. The full halt, is the test of the rider’s ability, to use the aids correctly and to test his timing. The full halt is an advanced movement that tests the horse’s mental well being and abilities to follow the riders most slight indications of seat and legs. The halt in this way is when the horse has understood, that he is a horse, not a camel, and “whoa camel” is no longer needed or desired. When the horse reaches this point, he no longer spooks at anything even if you literally shoot a cannon off his back. The horse is trained to a high degree. And it all starts with the basics. It all starts with “WHOA CAMEL.”

January 06, 2012

What a load off......Advice on training your horse to trailer

What a load off......Advice on training your horse to trailer

Trailer loading by Antonio Topete Diaz

Why is trailer loading such an issue? Many people are in such a hurry to get their horses under saddle and winning at shows that they forget to take the necessary time, first to allow horses to be horses, and second to train them correctly. Letting horses be horses is a whole conversation in it self. And we are here to talk about trailer loading today. Now...... 

Why do most handlers, trainers and owners wait for an emergency to train their horses to load? When the horse needs to get to the vet, or the farrier, or out of the barn for any reason, is no time to give a loading lesson. Worst Yet!!!

The horse gets forced into the trailer with multiple people beating him on the ass with a whip or butt rope, and even literally carrying him and shoving him into the trailer. Sure at times we must use the whip or a rope, to discipline and/or encourage the horse to go forward but if at any point the horse pulls back and throws himself over, it is not his fault but the fault of the rider, handlers, or trainers. 

The horse if possible should learn to load with it's mother, or when halter broke. Some times, we must load a horse that has never loaded before and these cases, we are all prone to make mistakes and let our frustration and emotions get in the way of loading the horse with patience. In terms of working with horses, nothing can be rushed. We must give the horse what ever amount of time he needs to feel safe and comfortable enough to load. 

The horse by nature is scared, and cluster phobic, when we take the whip to his hind end with great force, the situation gets worse. Now, not only is the horse afraid of the small enclosure that we ask him to get into, but also, he will associate the trailer with the punishment. So, we just made it worse, until forced, not trained the horse is cornered into getting into the trailer where he is finally left alone. Is this training? NO. 

Now, there are times when using the whip is necessary but if and when this time comes we must be diligent enough to use it in a way that the horse understands why it is being used. If we do not have the ability to know when is and when it is not the right time or the right reason to use the whip, then we must not proceed, but stop instead and seek the help of some one else with perhaps more experience, better judgement and more self control and patience to help. A word of caution however is that just because a person has more years amongst horses than we do, does not mean they have better experience, knowledge, judgment, or skills. 

If we teach our young horses when they are at their mother's side to load into the trailer, and we constantly load them in and out after they are weaned, there will be little or no trouble loading later in the horses adulthood. In the case when the horse did not have the privilege of learning to load as a youngster for any reason, or in the case of one who forgot all about loading for any reason, we must proceed in the easiest way we can.

One of these being to place the horse in a round pen or something similar with the trailer backed into the doors of the pen, the trailer doors opened and the feed and water of the horse being placed by the opening of the trailer and moving further inside as the days and even weeks go by. The day will come when the horse will be indifferent about going in and out of the trailer. And so we can begin practising loading and unloading and taking the horse for short trips even if it is just around the property. Time consuming yes but worth the effort. 

Another easy way to do things when a round pen or corral is not available, or we have a less suitable situation, is to teach the horse to move forward with a cluck of the tongue and/or  lite tap with the lead rope or hand on the barrel or belly. Most horses learn to load in a matter of days with this method and an assistant is not necessary. 

I do not like to use the famous war bridles, or the famous "be nice halters" which are nothing more than a modified war bridle, because it stresses the horse unnecessarily, and if we are going to use something like that instead of a halter it may as well be serrata, cavesson, or even a hackamore. 

Time is key, just like anything else. If we wait for the training of trailer loading, until the day we have to, things may get real ugly and we may end up using very bad judgement. At Watchman Farms, we train our P.R.E. babies to load at their mothers side, and we do many trips with them together, so when the time comes for them to do it alone, it never comes a a surprise.

For more blog entries by Antonio please visit: http://horseoftoday.blogspot.com/2012/01/trailer-loading.html